The main conclusion that can be drawn from the report is “the existence of a pole of development between Melilla and Nador”. This fact, endorsed by the report, was until now only one plausible explanation to phenomena as the growth of the population of Nador in the last fifty years (900% vs. 30% of the Moroccan population) or flow border daily (between twenty and thirty thousand people) in a border with one of the largest difference of income in the world (15 to 1).

The conclusions of the report are, however, further than the boundaries of the province of Nador as it points out some of the conclusions of the report.
The analysis reveals that trade with Melilla flows favor growth in your environment and are not limited to neighbouring populations or the province of Nador.
The economic dynamism of the labour market and of the productive activity of Nador is seen favorably determined by its proximity to Melilla. Its positive effects not only favor Nador but that, compared to other Moroccan regions, it has a propeller effect on the labour market in the Eastern Region which belongs to Nador.
The collection of indirect taxes linked to the development of the commercial sector of the province of Nador, derived from its economic relations with Melilla, could compensate the reduction of Moroccan tariff revenues, particularly in the current context of progressive tariff dismantling. Unfortunately, except for the content in this report, there are no studies that quantify the economic relations of interdependence between Melilla and Nador, and by extension with the region East of Morocco. A quantification in depth with ad hoc studies that meet the absence of official data would facilitate the mutual exploitation of existing socio-economic relations.
Therefore, it is necessary to deepen in a second study that allows the necessary statistical information through a phase of specific research. The conclusions of this second study will argue in a more emphatic way the mutual benefits derived from relationships that occur in this border and advance the goal of “cross-border for the promotion of economic, social and environmental cooperation in the border areas” of existing European neighbourhood policy. Otherwise there is a danger that criticism of political and partisan origin continue hiding the mutual relations among neighbors that benefits go beyond trade, employment or health care and that they may represent – save differences policy – a clear example of success in the cross-border development of the European Union in the Mediterranean.

Descargar documento