After the fall of the wall in 1989 and the subsequent strategic reconfiguration, the Mediterranean has become the stage where materialize various collaborative tools security added to political and economic initiatives such as the Barcelona process of Association, the European neighbourhood policy the Union for the Mediterranean.

Forums such as the Group of 5 + 5 dialogue (Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, France, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain), Mediterranean Partners for co-operation and the Mediterranean dialogue initiative are just some examples of the growing importance of the Mediterranean within broader structures such as the European Union, the OSCE and NATO respectively.

These sessions are intended to deepen the understanding of initiatives underway including, among others, already the cited and advance if they can contribute to a greater achievement of the objectives of social and economic development of the area Mediterranean or simply fall within the priorities of security in the area.