In 2005 the growth of migration flows of irregular character who came to the countries bordering the European Union drew attention to two major issues: first, that migrations were a phenomenon that had to be treated in a comprehensive manner and, second, that flows from North Africa constitute them, increasingly greater proportionnationals of sub-Saharan countries. In fact, both of these issues converge in the incipient emergence of a new immigration scenario, of euro character, in which migratory flows are explained mainly, although not only for economic reasons. Political instability, the lack of institutional development and the weakness of social policies are other factors of expulsion that extend beyond the South of the Sahara.


Book “the Maghreb and sub-Saharan migration: the role of associations and unions”

Publication Year:



Gemma Pinyol Jiménez